Education is the process by which people acquire knowledge, skills, learning habits, values, beliefs, and social norms. Educational systems may be structured to provide all required knowledge in a structured manner. Education may also be characterized as the interaction of people with differing points of view, so as to reach a collective understanding. Educational systems may include primary, secondary, post high school, higher learning, professional education and post-secondary education.
Education may be of two types, namely, formal and non-formal. Formal education is a process by which students attain formal education. It is usually achieved at school or University. Non-formal education is an informal process by which people acquire informal learning processes.
The informal education is facilitated through the use of mass media, such as the internet, television, radio, video, and other forms of communication. Some of the social media, such as the internet, are considered as good sources of information. Informal learning process generally refers to the learning process that occurs in a group or by using informal means, such as skits, jokes, plays and discussions. These types of learning process allows participants to develop their own sense of humor.
In the case of informal learning process, people make use of social media to share ideas, information or entertainment among themselves. Through the informal education, it is easier for learners to interact with each other. They are able to develop social interaction skills. However, the main disadvantage of informal education is that it can easily be modified by powerful speakers who can dominate the group, therefore, making it impossible for everyone to participate.
In contrast, formal education is a process that helps people acquire the learning process and learn how to use it properly. Formal education includes various forms of academic and educational activities. It also involves the use of certain devices, such as books, videos, and computers. After this type of education process, people are able to gain knowledge and skill by taking exams and passing them with a high score. This ensures that people have the ability to advance in their careers and achieve certain goals in life.
Informal education is often confused with non-formal learning. Non-formal education is often done through formal classroom instruction, where the students are not supposed to communicate with each other. Formal education on the other hand includes instruction in various fields, such as science, mathematics, history, English, foreign languages, etc. Students are taught to think logically and independently. This enables them to learn things on their own and improves their skills and knowledge when they are exposed to similar situations later on.
Formal education includes specific curriculum that is delivered in specific sessions. It is also taught by qualified teachers who have gained a lot of experience in imparting such knowledge to students. Formal education focuses on learning the course materials, doing assignments, doing research, presenting their findings, reading and writing about the course material, getting feedback, discussing with other students, and passing tests. Students will also be given the chance to participate in a discussion forum or group project to enhance their knowledge and acquire new skills.
On the other hand, informal education is a method that is often employed as a supplement to formal education. Students are encouraged to apply what they have learned from formal classes to real-life situations. Students are also encouraged to develop problem-solving skills and interpersonal skills. Through informal learning, students can also acquire skills that they may be unable to learn in regular classes. Some other examples of informal education include acting lessons, gardening, foreign language lessons, music, nature studies, cooking, computer skills, dance, culinary art, foreign literature, welding, home repair, computer painting, wood craftsmanship, woodworking, traveling, babysitting, literature and creative learning.