Education is the systematic process of facilitating people’s acquisition of knowledge, learning skills, values, attitudes, beliefs, and practices. Education includes training, teaching, learning, research and supervised research. Education may be done in any classroom, including schools, colleges, universities and homes. Education also includes participation in programs of community education and activities for children and adults at work. There are various types of education, including the primary education, secondary education, post-secondary education, career education and adult education.
The process of acquiring knowledge takes place through formal education, which generally takes place in school and has some sort of a diploma or certificate program. In most developed countries, formal education is still a major factor in determining someone’s level of living, job opportunities and earnings. On the other hand, informal education or learning is basically what students do while they are at home or during their spare time. Informal learning takes place through courses that are taken by people who want to enhance their knowledge level, or for personal interests.
There was a series of events in New York commemorating the 20th century’s significant contribution to the world as it relates to the education issue. Among these noted achievement was the creation of the National Education Act and the National Science Education Act. The former aims to establish technical and vocational institutions, while the latter encourages educators to disseminate scientific information to general public and makes available resources for education. New York State also became the first state in the US to develop its own textbooks. It has also created a system of professional teachers who have received extra certification, thereby earning extra pay and having more professional benefits.
There are many books on New York and the importance of education in the modern society and these include New York in the Heart by Sarah Schulter, New York in the Mind by John Holt, ed. and materials from the National Standards sets, and Review of Education: Teacher Reviews by David Grisaffi and Educating Educators by Peter Senge. These are just a few of the more recent books that are obtainable in the kindle edition. Others are Education in the Middle Class by John Rankin and The Education of America’s Future by Thomas Coleman.
Non-formal education consists of courses like those offered by community colleges, junior colleges and universities, although they follow different procedures and course materials. The idea here is to equip students with the skills that are needed in the workforce, but they do not meet the standards of the formal school system. Most community colleges offer adult education programs in order to create a change within the workforce by equipping employees with the skills that they need to be competitive. An example of this is GE Healthcare, which has launched an initiative called Blue collar Health Care Services, which includes offering health care training to its workers.
There are several theories that explain the difference between formal and informal education. One is that formal education tends to create and reinforce gated communities wherein learning happens at the college itself whereas informal education is more diffuse and non-personalized where people are given the freedom to learn at their own pace through various social media platforms. Informal learning process is usually described as being a mixed bag of various approaches to education including reading, writing, listening, and so forth. Students will have to interact with each other and there may be restrictions on the kind of discussions that may be shared within the group.
Many educators still prefer the structured method of teaching in the traditional classroom setting. This is because traditional education method gives the student the structure that he or she requires in order to achieve certain academic goals, while informal education provides an environment where teachers can allow their students to freely express themselves. Informal education does not only benefit students who already have formal education but also those who are starting from scratch. Since it doesn’t necessitate the same set of rules and structures, they are better equipped to embrace the principles of discipline and self-discipline.
Smith agree that informal educators have much to contribute to society and positively influence children. They further add that such educators help build critical thinking skills and social awareness in young people. In other words, the informal educators play a vital role in shaping tomorrow’s leaders. Their insights are important for everyone who is engaged in education.